AS the number of Brits ditching meat continues to soar, there’s now over half a million vegans in the UK.
But what is the difference between vegetarianism and veganism? Here’s everything you need to know.
What is a vegetarian?
A vegetarian can simply be described as someone who doesn’t eat meat.
It is defined on the Vegetarian Society as: “Someone who lives on a diet of grains, pulses, legumes, nuts, seeds, vegetables, fruits, fungi, algae, yeast and/or some other non-animal-based foods (e.g. salt) with, or without, dairy products, honey and/or eggs.
“A vegetarian does not eat foods that consist of, or have been produced with the aid of products consisting of or created from, any part of the body of a living or dead animal. This includes meat, poultry, fish, shellfish, insects, by-products of slaughter or any food made with processing aids created from these.”
There are different types of Vegetarian who eat different things.
Lacto-ovo vegetarians eat both milk and eggs, ovo vegetarians eat eggs but not dairy and lacto vegetarians consume dairy products but not eggs.
What is a vegan?
A vegan is normally described as someone who does not consume anything containing animal products, meaning they don’t eat meat, fish, dairy, eggs, honey and anything else that is produced using animals.
The definition given by The Vegan Society is: “Veganism is a way of living which seeks to exclude, as far as is possible and practicable, all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purpose.”
Veganism also stretches beyond food and vegans avoid wearing clothing containing animal products.
They also avoid using products tested on animals, or that contain animal byproducts.
Vegans are also opposed to the use of animals for entertainment, such as circuses.
Are vegans allowed to wear leather?
As veganism is seen as a way of life rather than just a diet, most vegans do not wear any items of clothing containing animal products, including leather.
They are also against wearing fur, wool and silk.
Are vegans allowed to own pets?
Many vegans believe owning a pet goes against their morals as humans should never place ownership on an animal, make money from animals or force them to cohabit with humans.
Others however believe it is ethical as long as pets are treated with the utmost respect and are not cruel in any way.
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What is a pescatarian?
A pescatarian is similar to a vegetarian in that they don’t consume animal flesh – but they do eat fish.
They ditch products containing meats such as beef, pork, chicken and lamb but will still eat products containing fish.