Who is Gina Miller? Remainer who failed to stop Boris Johnson shutting down Parliament

Who is Gina Miller? Remainer who failed to stop Boris Johnson shutting down Parliament

- in Uk News

ANTI-Brexit activist Gina Millar once said the Prime Minister wants to reduce the UK to a “dictatorship”.

The businesswoman gained publicity when she won a major legal case against the government regarding Brexit – here’s all the latest on her bid to stop No Deal.

Businesswoman and activist Gina Miller
Getty Images

Businesswoman and activist Gina Miller[/caption]

What has Gina Miller said to Boris Johnson about blocking Brexit?

Miller brought  legal action to stop Boris Johnson proroguing parliament calling the PM’s plan “cynical and cowardly.”

Her legal team told the High Court that the PM’s decision to stop MPs sitting for five weeks was an “exceptional” length of time and “unlawful abuse of power”

But after hearing submissions on Thursday, Lord Justice Burnett ruled this morning that this was not the case.

Rejecting Mrs Miller’s argument, he said: “We have concluded that, whilst we should grant permission to apply for judicial review, the claim must be dismissed.”

The Supreme Court will hear Ms Miller’s appeal, along with an appeal from a similar case in the Scottish Court of Session, on September 17.

On a fundraising website set up to fund an urgent application to the high court for a judicial review she wrote: “Whilst prorogation is an acceptable UK constitutional practice, no prime minister in modern history has attempted to use it in such a brazen manner.”

The businesswoman previously won a legal case forcing Parliament to legislate before Article 50 could be invoked.

She had claimed that her action was a matter of democracy and parliamentary supremacy.

Miller confirmed on Twitter that, “I instructed my winning legal team to issue a legal letter to Boris Johnson last Thursday if he were to prorogue Parliament.”

Predicting that Johnson would try to shut down Parliament in order to leave the EU with No Deal, she told Sky: “We cannot shut down Parliament; it’s a central pillar of our constitution.”

Miller said: “it would be an abuse of his powers to close Parliament … to limit the voice of the representatives that we all elect.”

Say what? Boris Johnson has been put on notice that he can't shut down Parliament to drive through a No Deal Brexit
Say what? Boris Johnson has been put on notice that he can’t shut down Parliament to drive through a No Deal Brexit
Getty Images – Getty
Fired-up: Gina Miller vows to return to court

Who is she?

Gina Miller was born in Guyana in 1965 and went to the girls’ boarding school Roedean in Brighton, East Sussex.

She has recalled working in hotels in Brighton as “a chambermaid or clearing up in the restaurant”.

Miller went on to study law at the University of East London, then marketing at the University of North London.

She married her first husband aged 20 and they had a daughter together who has severe learning difficulties.

In the early 1990s she set up her own marketing company, divorced her first husband, and married John Maguire.

Miller was a victim of domestic violence during her marriage to Maguire and they divorced in 2002.

Maguire stood for the right-wing English Democrats in the 2010 General Election.

She married her third husband Alan Miller in 2005 and they had two children together.

In 2009 she co-founded investment firm SCM Private and launched the True and Fair Foundation – which campaigns against mis-selling and hidden fund charges in the City of London’s fund management industry.

AP:Associated Press

Gina Miller successfully lead the legal case to Parliament to get a vote on the terms of Brexit[/caption]

What is Gina Miller’s involvement with Brexit?

Campaigning Miller caught the public’s attention when she hired the City law firm Mischon de Reya to challenge Article 50 and the British Government’s authority to leave the EU without Parliament approval.

The “conscious capitalist” was the lead claimant in the historic legal action against the Government.

She fought her case with several other applicants, including the so-called “People’s Challenge”, which has the backing of thousands of supporters.

Miller quickly became a hated figure among some Brexiteers following the dramatic High Court decision on November 3, 2016.

A judge ruled Parliament had to legislate before the Government could trigger Article 50.

Miller said outside the High Court afterwards: “The judgement, I hope – when it is read by the Government and they contemplate the full judgment – that they will make the wise decision of not appealing but pressing forward and having a proper debate in our sovereign Parliament, our mother of Parliaments that we are so admired for all over the world.”

The Supreme Court ruling found in Miller’s favour on January 24.

Gina Miller has received online abuse for tackling the legality around Article 50
Gina Miller has received online abuse for tackling the legality around Article 50
Getty Images

What was the Supreme Court Article 50 ruling and how did it affect Brexit?

The Supreme Court hearing centred around whether or not ministers could trigger Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty without Parliament’s approval.

Article 50 sets out the process by which members states can withdraw from the European Union.

The Government appealed in the Supreme Court after a High Court ruled in favour of Gina Miller in 2016 in a decision that some feared could derail Brexit.

Before the Supreme Court ruling, Prime Minister Theresa May, apparently already aware the Government would lose the challenge, confirmed Parliament would get to vote on triggering Article 50.

As of March 29, 2017, a letter was delivered from Theresa May to the President of the European Council formally informing him she was invoking Article 50.

On September 10, 2018, she ripped into Boris Johnson for his comment comparing  Theresa May’s Chequers deal to a “suicide vest“.

How does Gina Miller describe herself?

According to the professional’s LinkedIn page, she writes: “People say I am a passionate person with a feisty tone of voice.

“This is because I love what I do, and do what I believe is right. I am not afraid to speak out when I confront intellectually or morally bankrupt arguments, and have an independent mind-set.”

Having started seven innovative brands, she claims to embrace “conscious capitalism” and ploughs back cash from profits into charities and community projects.

The 53-year-old added: “My mantra is that generosity can heal communities and that we can all make a difference.”

Rhodri Colwyn Philipps was found guilty of two counts of  malicious communications
AP:Associated Press

What happened with Viscount Rhodri Philips?

Rhodri Colwyn Philipps is the 4th Viscount St Davids and is the eldest son of Colwyn Philipps, 3rd Viscount St Davids – a former Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords.

Philipps wrote a Facebook post on November 7, 2016, four days after Ms Miller won a legal challenge against the Government regarding the Brexit process having to be voted on by Parliament.

He wrote: “£5,000 for the first person to ‘accidentally’ run over this bloody troublesome first generation immigrant.”

Philips, who lives in Knightsbridge, London, went on to describe Ms Miller as a “boat jumper” and added: “If this is what we should expect from immigrants, send them back to their stinking jungles.”

Chief magistrate Emma Arbuthnot said she had “no doubt it was menacing” and Ms Miller, 52, said she had felt “violated” by the remarks.

Philipps, who pleaded not guilty to the offences, said the posts were “meant to be a form of satire, a literary technique, iterated in my personal style, which may not be to everyone’s taste, but is understood and accepted by everyone who knows me”.

He added that calling Ms Miller a “boat jumper” and suggesting she should “go back to the steaming jungle” were not racist comments but “statements of fact”.

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