WITHDRAWING the whip is one of the most severe punishments a party can dole out on one of its MPs.
Rebel Tories have joined Labour MPs in backing a bill to prevent the UK from leaving the EU on October 31 without a deal.
What does withdrawing the whip mean?
Withdrawing the whip means that an MP or Lord is effectively expelled from their party, but hangs on to their seat.
They must sit as an independent until their party decides to restore the whip.
The Whip is a circular letter sent out to MPs and Lords detailing upcoming parliamentary business and instructing them which way to vote.
If a vote is particularly important it is underlined three times making it known as a “three line whip”.
Defying a three line whip is very serious, and has occasionally resulted in the whip being withdrawn from an MP or Lord.
The term is taken from a foxhunting job known as a “whipper-in”.
This is huntsman’s assistant who drives straying hounds back to the main pack using a whip.
Has it applied to the rebel Tory MPs?
The Prime Minister ordered the whip be removed from a list of high-profile MPs – including Sir Nicholas Soames, grandson of Sir Winston Churchill.
Also among the expelled rebels is ex-Chancellor Philip Hammond, Tory grandee Ken Clarke, David Gauke and former leadership candidate Rory Stewart.
It marks the deepest division in the Conservative Party for 30 years as the 21 Conservative MPs, including nine former Cabinet ministers, ignored Boris Johnson’s pleas and sided with Labour to seize control of Parliament’s agenda.
Dominic Grieve, Oliver Letwin were also among the deselected Tory MPs – alongside Greg Clark, Stephen Hammond, and Eddisbury MP Antoinette Sandbach.
Other rebels include Steve Brine, Ed Vaizey, Caroline Nokes, Guto Bebb, Sam Gyimah, Margot James, Richard Benyon and Anne Milton.
Three Tories — Justine Greening, Sir Alistair Burt and Keith Simpson — earlier revealed they would be stepping down at the next election.
Taking the whip off the group means they can’t stand again in an election as a Conservative candidate – effectively ending their political careers.
But former Chancellor Philip Hammond and the other rebels are determined to ignore him.
Mr Hammond, who was Chancellor until he quit when Boris became PM, rushed to get re-selected as a Tory MP.
He insisted there would be the “fight of a lifetime” if No10 tried to stop him from running again, and said he would “possibly” take legal action.
The Prime Minister held a last-ditch meeting with potential rebels including former cabinet ministers Mr Hammond, David Gauke and Greg Clark on Tuesday, September 3.
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How serious is having the whip removed?
Having the whip removed is one of the most serious forms of punishment a party can inflict on an MP.
The last Tory to have the whip removed was Anne Marie Morris after she used the phrase “n-word in the woodpile” at a meeting in London last July.
She remained without the whip until December when it was finally restored.
More severe punishments include permanent expulsion from the party and deselection.
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